A recent report suggests that the ice cubes present in Greenland and Antarctica are melting like never before. The report also claimed that the melting rate has increased by six times since the 1990s.
The recent report also highlights the increasing loss of ice sheets in these regions. Between 1992 to 2017, the region lost as many as 6.4 trillion volumes of ice. The water level in the oceans has increased by an inch, owing to the massive loss of ice cubes.
In 2011, the region lost a record of 552 billion tones of ice cubes. But, scientists are predicting that the 2019 heatwaves have caused more ice loss in Antarctica. If a similar melting rate continues, the sea level will see an increase of around 17 cm by the end of this century.
Effects of the Rising Sea Level
People who are staying in the coastal region are going to suffer the most due to rising sea levels. The regions are becoming prone to the costal floods due to the swelling sea. The coastal erosion will force the local population to move to a safe place.
The glacier melting contributes the most significant share in the rising sea level. But, one cannot ignore the ice sheet as well. In the last few decades, the rate of ice sheet melting has increased significantly. The entire ice loss in Antarctica and half of the ice loss in Greenland is due to the rising sea temperature.
In the last 30 years, ice loss has increased from 81 billion tones to 475 billion tones, scientists confirmed.
The increasing ocean water temperature is a byproduct of global warming. Therefore, reducing global temperature seems to be the only option that human beings have. Reduction in CO2 emission is an effective measure to control the global warming.