World Population day is celebrated on July 11 every year. Its been three decades and the day is celebrated as a resemblance of human progress. The theme for World Population Day 2022 is “A world of 8 billion: Towards a resilient future for all – Harnessing opportunities and ensuring rights and choices for all”.
World Population Day was established by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 1989 when the world population touched 5 billion during the Industrialization era. The day is celebrated to raise awareness of the unknown consequences that, as mankind, the world may face. The population is expected to reach 8 billion in 2022, which had already crossed 7 billion in 2011.
Studies say, if the population continues increasing the way it is growing, then the existence of mankind on the planet will soon become extinct due to a lack of natural resources to survive. That is why today, mankind proposes a mars mission in search of life.
The day is celebrated to spread awareness among countries, societies and communities to check on the population. The day is an eye-opener for human beings to control the population so that equality, fundamental rights, poverty, development and the environment may be preserved for future generations.
The day promotes raising awareness among women, child and their health issues related to childbirth which influence the growth of the population. It also raises awareness about the effects of overpopulation on the environment. Overpopulation will demand land and forest cutting, leading to the loss of flora and fauna. It also talks about the health problems faced by childbearing women and the importance of family planning, gender equality, maternal health and human rights.
Why the day is an eye-opener for India?
According to a United Nations, World Population Prospects 2022, released on World Population Day (July 11), claims India may surpass China in 2023. Being a developing country, the statement is tough to digest as India has numerous populations living below the poverty line and lack education access and a good life. The statement by the UN is a ring-bell for India to take policy measures on population control.
Way forward for India
The pre-installed schemes need to be strategically followed. The Government or the NGOs should educate the reproductive population about the pros and cons of overpopulation.
The health administration strictly manages the projects and schemes for women’s health, fertility and nutrition.
The health department should educate women and men about their sexual health and the consequences of having a big family in today’s world, where access to basic amenities is difficult to afford.
Reason Behind Rising in Population in India
The first clear reason can be seen in the Covid 19 Pandemic, which has made significant demographic consequences affecting all components of population change, including mortality, fertility and migration. The survey reports claim that the birth rate in January 2021 is the highest in the decade. Secondly, the government programmes like pension schemes and food distribution schemes increase the population’s life expectancy to 65 years.
Therefore, as the coin has two sides, if humans are considered a problem, then we are the solutions to ourselves.
The motive of the day is to spread awareness among the population to check the population so that every individual may access basic life amenities and become an asset, not a liability.