The World Economic Forum released the Gender Gap Index report for the year 2022. The report shows a sliding increase in the rank of India by 135th rank out of 146, which was 140th in the 2021 survey report.
The Gender Gap Index examines the access to resources and opportunities gap between men and women in their respective countries. The report studies 4 spheres, i.e., Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment.
India has been ranked 135th out of 146 countries in total, a sliding increase from last year’s 140th rank. India ranks lowest in Health and survival Sub-index and has achieved a declining score in political empowerment between genders.
Somehow there was a small and significant increase in rank in educational attainment and labor force in both genders.
Iceland tops the rank in Gender Gap Index for the twelfth time in a row, which means Iceland provides much better access to both genders in all of the 4 category sub-indexes of the report, which categories into- political empowerment, Health and survival, educational attainment and labor force between two genders.
Six out of ten European countries, i.e., Iceland stands in rank 1, Finland stands in rank 2, Norway as 3rd, Sweden as 5th, Ireland at 9th and Germany holding rank 10th. In contrast, the other 4 ranks were grabbed by other countries like New Zealand at 4th, Rwanda at 6th, Nicaragua at 7th, and Namibia bagged 8th.
The least performed countries listed are Asian countries, Pakistan ranking 145th and Afghanistan ranking 146th.
India has performed badly and is listed behind its neighboring countries like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Nepal, ranked 71,126,117,110 and 96, respectively.
India needs to strategize the opportunities it provides to both genders. India should work on its Health sector by increasing the budget investment in Health to provide proper access to the normal citizen of the country. Though it has increased its women’s participation in the political arena, India should ensure empowerment and equality in duty to raise its rank in the sub-index of the report.
India has performed well in Education attainment, but from an Indian perspective, India should improvise the education system to compete with the brilliant minds of the worked class.
Also, it gives a positive outlook looking at the increase in rank of labor force participation in both genders, which means women are given opportunities and platforms to work and set themselves independently in society.